ABRAHAM BEN N… HA-BAGHDADI


ABRAHAM BEN N… HA-BAGHDADI
ABRAHAM BEN N… HA-BAGHDADI (10th century), communal leader in Babylonia. Information on Abraham is to be found in the poems of praise dedicated to him by one Abraham ha-Kohen, who seems to have been his secretary. He held a military command under the caliph and was a protector of the Jewish community. The reopening of the yeshivah of sura about 988 is attributed to him. He also maintained friendly relations with hai gaon . There is reason to believe that Abraham ha-Baghdadi was a member of the netira family; he was possibly the son of Netira II and the grandson of Sahl, who was the son of Netira I. One of his sons was named Sahl, probably after his great-grandfather. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Scheiber, in: Zion, 30 (1965), 123–27. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Scheiber, in: Zion, 18 (1953), 6–13; Mann, in JQR, 9 (1918/19), 153–60; Tarbiz, 5 (1933/34), 177–78. (Abraham David (2nd ed.) ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL HE-ḤASID ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL HE-ḤASID (of Speyer; 12th century), rabbi and liturgical poet, the brother of R. Judah b. Samuel he-Ḥasid . Abraham b. Samuel and judah b. kalonymus , together with R. Shemariah b. Mordecai, later constituted the bet din of speyer , and are referred to as "the wise men of Speyer." eliezer b. nathan of Mainz describes Abraham as "the sun of our orphaned age." Abraham's retort to a baptized Jew is recorded in the Sefer Niẓẓaḥon. In contrast to his father and brother, who were both famous for their mysticism and pietism, Abraham was known for his exoteric teachings and only slight traces of esoteric ideas can be found in his writings. Abraham wrote four elegies in which he described Jewish suffering during the first two Crusades (1096 and 1147). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Urbach, Tosafot, 577 (index); Davidson, Oẓar, 4 (1933), 358, S.V. Avraham mi-Speyer (ben Shemu'el); Abraham b. Azriel, Arugat ha-Bosem, ed. by E.E. Urbach, 4 (1963), 90–91; V. Aptowitzer, Mavo le-Sefer Ravyah (1938), 307–8; Germ Jud, 342, and index. (Jacob Freimann)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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